Java and Python are the two most trending and powerful languages of recent times and it is quite common to get confused when it comes to picking one out of the two.
The most common question asked by the beginners is which one is better Java or Python? This is an article on how these two languages differ from one another and which one fits your goal better.
So let’s get started!!
The number of programming languages used in production and day to day life has seen an enormous growth in the last decade. Now from those bustling numbers, we are going to narrow our focus to the two most popular languages that have created quite a buzz among the developers as well as the beginners.
So let’s begin with the brief introduction of both the languages.
It is one of the most fundamental languages that produces software for multiple platforms and the best thing is that it is machine independent and can be written once and run anywhere.
Python, on the other hand, is a simple, easy to read and high-level programming language. But programmers mostly fall in love with them because of the increased productivity that it provides. Both of these have been the two most popular and controversial languages of the decade. So let’s move ahead! And take a look at the way various aspects of comparisons that will help us to find an answer to the questions which one is better out of the two?
Now if we take a look at the speed of Java and Python the former is a statically types programming language which makes it faster.
Whereas the later is an interpreter which determines the type of data at runtime. Thus making it slower but comparatively when it comes to the legacy of Java history in the enterprise and the work coding style are typically larger and numerous whereas Python has less legacy problem which makes it difficult for the organizations to copy and paste both codes.
Now both the languages are pretty simple and easy to write. But if we look at the length of both the codes Python consists of less number of lines or shorter codes as compared to Java which is also easy to understand.
Another character is Databases. Java database connectivity is the most popular and widely used database to connect. Whereas the Python database access layers are weaker than Java’s JDBC.
That is why it is really useful in enterprises. Java provides more undeviating refactoring in support than Python because of its static type system and universality of IDE for the development of mobile and web applications. But Python has become a popular choice for all the recent technologies like data Science, ML, AI, and IOT.
Next up if we look at trends or the search results of US and India in the last 5 years, the US has seen a drastic drift in the domination of both the languages. There has been a significant growth in the search for Python whereas others have seen a gradual decrease in the graph.
India has also seen in a growth in case of Python.
The next feature of comparison is the salary growth of Java engineers and Python engineers based on their experiences.
We can see that there has been a steady growth in both the situations since overs a certain period of time.
Now if we compare the growth of both the engineers in case of freshers Python has a little edge over Java due to its increased demand in recent times.
Now it is the jobs of mostly related to automation and artificial intelligence which prefer Python over Java. And that’s exactly why we can see the shift in the graph.
Whereas if we look at the growth in case of experienced engineers Java dominates over Python because Java has been in use way before Python became popular and the experienced engineers find it convenient for them to stick to their comfort zone instead of moving to a new language.
Now let’s have a look at the one of the most important aspect that makes Java and Python different from each other and this might help you to finally decide the winner out of the two.
Let’s have a look at some of the basic differences.
Java compiles programming language and the source code is compiled down to bytecode by the Java compiler and the bytecode is executed by a Java Virtual machine.
Now Java supports Object Oriented Programming language, Polymorphism etc.
On the other hand, Python is an interpreted programming language as the translation occurs at the same time as the program is being executed. Python is also an Object Oriented Language but it has an added advantage that is it is also a scripting language and it is easy to write.
Now statically typed programming languages do type checking at the compile time as opposed to runtime whereas the dynamically programming languages to type checking at runtime as opposed to compile time. And helps you write a little quicker because you do not have to specify types every time.
Next, if we compare the number of lines in a code Python can perform the same action with fewer lines than the same code written in Java.
In this example we are going to printing the statement “ Hello World” using both the languages but in Java, we need to define a class and the main function which makes it a 3 line code already. Whereas we can just use the print function for the statement in case of Python.
In Java programming language if we miss the semicolon then at the end of the statement it will throw an error. But there is no such need of any semicolon to end the statement in case of Python.
Now another important difference in the syntax of both the languages is the indentation. In Java, you must define a particular block in the curly braces otherwise the code won’t work.
But in the case of Python, there is no such sign of curly braces even though indentation is mandatory. It also improves the readability of the code. So if we take up a closer look at all these aspects of comparison we can say that Python has a slight edge over Java and it would be fair to declare the former as the winner in this battle.
SO what do you think? Do let us know about your opinion in the comment section below and also mention other aspects where you think just Java wins over Python.